拉萨乳制品GMP认证怎么办
  • 拉萨乳制品GMP认证怎么办
  • 拉萨乳制品GMP认证怎么办
  • 拉萨乳制品GMP认证怎么办

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目 录
颁布令···························································1
1主题内容和适用范围················································2
2引用标准···························································2
3术语和定义·························································3
4厂区环境····························································5
5厂房和车间·························································5
5.1厂房························································5
5.2安全设施·························································6
5.3屋顶与天花板·····················································6
5.4车间通风··························································6
5.5墙壁与门窗························································6
5.6地面与排水·······················································7
5.7 供水供汽设施····················································7
5.8照明设施···························································7
5.9洗手设施····························································8
5.10 更衣室···························································8
5.11仓库······························································8
6机械设备····························································8
6.1设计····························································8
6.2材质····························································9
6.3生产设备····························································9
6.4质量检验设备······················································9
7管理机构与人员······················································9
7.1管理机构····························································9
7.2人员要求···························································10
7.3教育培训···························································11
8卫生管理·························································11
8.1管理要求···························································11
8.2 厂区环境卫生管理·······················································11
8.3 厂房设施卫生管理 ····················································· 12
8.4 机械设备卫生管理·······················································12
8.5 辅助设施卫生管理·······················································13
8.6 清洗和消毒管·························································13
8.7 员工健康管理························································13
8.8 员工个人卫生管理·······················································13
8.9 除虫、灭害管理····················································14
8.10 污水管理························································14
8.11 工作服管理······················································14
8.12 有毒有害物管理························································14
9 生产过程管理·······················································15
9.1 生产操作规程的制订与执行···············································15
9.2 原材料··························································15
9.3 生产过程··························································15
10 质量管理···························································16
10.1 《HACCP管理手册》的制定与执行·········································16
10.2 原辅料及包装材料的质量管理···········································16
10.3 过程质量管理··················································17
10.4 成品的质量管理························································17
10.5 贮存与运输的管理······················································17
10.6 成品售后管理·················································18
10.7 记录管理·······················································18
11 标签····························································18
12 管理制度的建立和考核····················································18
13 本手册的支持文件························································18
拉萨乳制品GMP认证怎么办
乳制品企业GMP、HACCP认证项目介绍
婴幼儿奶粉事件是一起重大的食品安全事件,不仅给婴幼儿的生命健康造成损害,给社会稳定和国家形象带来负面影响,更使我国奶业发展陷入严重的困难和危机。婴幼儿奶粉事件的发生,集中反映了我国奶业发展中长期积累的矛盾和问题,但同时也为奶业通过整顿向更高层次迈进提供了难得的契机。改革开放特别是上世纪90年代以来,我国奶业持续快速发展,目前正处在从数量扩张向整体优化、提高素质转变的关键时期,具备了进一步发展的基础。同时,我国乳品人均消费水平还比较低,进一步发展仍有很大空间和潜力。
对此,国家发改委等13部委联合制定了指导我国奶业稳步、健康发展的《奶业整顿和振兴规划纲要》。《纲要》指出:我国奶业的发展要“以建设现代奶业为总目标,以全面加强质量管理和制度建设为核心,以整顿乳制品生产企业和奶站、规范养殖为重点,努力开创奶业发展新局面,并推动食品行业的质量安全和监管水平的全面提升”。其中的重点目标即是要求乳制品生产企业“到2009年10月底前,建立良好生产规范,使奶业发展在制度化、规范化建设上迈出重要步伐”。其具体任务与措施是:“建立严格的乳制品生产企业质量管理制度。所有乳制品生产企业要限期执行《乳制品企业良好生产规范(GB12693)》,三年内必须全部达到标准,达不到标准的,必须停产整顿。婴幼儿奶粉生产企业应当实施危害分析与关键控制点(HACCP)体系,并鼓励其他乳制品生产企业参照实施”。
在此背景下,国家认监委起草制定了《乳制品生产企业良好生产规范(GMP)认证实施规则》和《乳制品生产企业危害分析与关键控制点(HACCP)体系认证实施规则》,将启动国家统一的“乳制品生产企业良好生产规范(GMP)”、“危害分析与关键控制点(HACCP)体系”认证工作。
拉萨乳制品GMP认证怎么办
二、乳制品企业HACCP认证
1、 认证依据
认监委《乳制品生产企业危害分析与关键控制点(HACCP)体系认证实施规则》规定:《危害分析与关键控制点体系 食品生产企业通用要求》、《危害分析与关键控制点体系 乳制品生产企业要求》、GB12693-2003《乳制品企业良好生产规范》三项标准作为乳制品企业HACCP的认证依据。
《危害分析与关键控制点体系 乳制品生产企业要求》针对乳制品企业特点,提出了乳制品企业在生产加工包括原辅料和包装材料采购、包装、贮存和装运等过程HACCP体系建立和实施的要求,其内容包括:人力资源保障计划、良好生产规范(GMP)、标准卫生操作程序(SSOP)、原辅料/直接接触乳制品的包装材料采购安全卫生保障制度、设备设施维护保养计划、标识和追溯计划、乳制品召回计划、应急预案和HACCP计划。
2、 认证申请人资格
申请乳制品HACCP认证的企业必须具备有效的企业法人资格,且取得相关法规规定的行政许可文件;产品符合国家《标准化法》等国家相关法律法规、食品安全标准和有关技术规范要求;按照认证依据的要求建立和实施了文件化的HACCP体系,且体系有效运行3个月以上。
拉萨乳制品GMP认证怎么办
(3) 产品安全性验证
认证机构应根据认证风险情况实施抽样检验并确定检验项目,每年度至少对获证企业进行一次证书覆盖范围内产品的抽检。在证书有效期内,抽检应涵盖证书覆盖范围内的所有产品。抽样样本应从企业成品库或生产线末端的合格品中随机抽取。样品应由有资质的并获得认可机构的实验室认可检验机构检验。
(4) 证书有效期
乳制品GMP认证证书有效期为2年。
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